Home> Archive> 2024> Volume 14, Number 1, 2024
IJSSH 2024 Vol.14(1): 22-26
doi: 10.18178/ijssh.2024.14.1.1188

The Typological Factors Influencing the Selection of Relative Strategies

Wei Wang

Institute of Linguistics, Shanghai International Studies University, Shanghai, China
Email: 18354769590@163.com
Manuscript received August 10, 2023; revised October 9, 2023; accepted November 2, 2023; published January 30, 2024.

Abstract—This paper explores relative strategies of 62 languages and reinterprets the typological factors that influence the selection of relative strategies. On the whole, relative strategies in 62 languages strictly conform with Noun Phrase Accessibility Hierarchy (NPAH) and Filler-Gap Domain (FGD). Relative strategies are related to word order and language family/region. Influenced by the Primary Predicate Prominence Principle, SVO languages in Indo-European region prefer to use pronoun strategy for relativizing subject and direct object, while non-Indo-European SVO languages prefer to use gap strategy influenced by FGD. Under the influence of the Primary Predicate Prominence Principle and FGD, the gap strategy is preferred for SOV languages. In addition, relative strategies of Portuguese, Spanish, and Arabic depend on the speaker’s intention.

Keywords—relative strategies, word order, language family/region, speaker’s intention


Cite: Wei Wang, "The Typological Factors Influencing the Selection of Relative Strategies," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 22-26, 2024.

Copyright © 2024 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Copyright © 2008-2024. International Journal of Social Science and Humanity. All rights reserved.

E-mail: ijssh.editorial.office@gmail.com